Howard Keel, Star of Musicals, Dies at 85
LOS ANGELES - Howard Keel, the broad-shouldered baritone who romanced his way through a series of glittery MGM musicals such as "Kiss Me Kate" and "Annie Get Your Gun" and later revived his career with television's "Dallas," died Sunday. He was 85.
Keel died Sunday morning of colon cancer at his home in Palm Desert, according to his son, Gunnar.
Keel starred in Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals in New York and London before being signed to an MGM contract after World War II. The timing was perfect: He became a star with his first MGM film, playing Frank Butler to Betty Hutton's Annie Oakley in "Annie Get Your Gun."
Keel's size and lusty voice made him an ideal leading man for such stars as Esther Williams ("Pagan Love Song," "Texas Carnival," "Jupiter's Darling"), Ann Blyth ("Rose Marie," "Kismet"), Kathryn Grayson("Show Boat," "Lovely to Look At," "Kiss Me Kate") and Doris Day("Calamity Jane").
His own favorite film was the exuberant "Seven Brides for Seven Brothers."
"It was a fine cast and lots of fun to make," Keel remarked in 1993, "but they did the damn thing on the cheap. The backdrops had holes in them, and it was shot on the worst film stock. ... As it turned out, the miracle worker was George Folsey, the cinematographer. He took that junk and made it look like a Grandma Moses painting."
When film studios went into a slump, MGM's musical factory was disbanded. Keel kept busy on the road in such surefire attractions of "Man of La Mancha," "South Pacific," "Annie Get Your Gun" and "Seven Brides for Seven Brothers."
Keel was in his early 60s and presumably nearing the end of his career when he suddenly became a star in another medium.
From its start in 1978, "Dallas" with its combination of oil, greed, sex and duplicity had become the hottest series in television. Jim Davis, who had played the role of Jock Ewing, died in 1981, and the producers needed another strong presence to stand up to the nefarious J.R. Ewing Jr. (Larry Hagman). They chose Keel.
"The show was enormous," Keel reflected in 1995. "I couldn't believe it. My life changed again. From being out of it, I was suddenly a star, known to more people than ever before. Wherever I went, crowds appeared again, and I started making solo albums for the first time in my career."
As Clayton Farlow, husband of "Miss Ellie" Ewing (Barbara Bel Geddes), Keel remained with "Dallas" until it folded in 1991.
When Keel was born in Gillespie, Ill., his name was Harold Clifford Leek. His father, once a naval captain, became a coal miner and drank to soothe his bitterness. During drunken rages, he beat his children. His mother, a strict Methodist, forbade her two sons from having any entertainment.
"I had a terrible, rotten childhood," Keel commented in 1995. "My father made away with himself when I was 11. I had no guidance, and Mom was six feet tall, bucktoothed and very tough. I was mean and rebellious and had a terrible, bitter temper. I got a job as an auto mechanic, and I would have stayed in that narrow kind of life if I hadn't discovered art. Music changed me completely."
At 20 he was living in Los Angeles and he was befriended by a cultured woman who took him to a Hollywood Bowl concert featuring famed baritone Lawrence Tibbett. Keel was inspired, and he started taking vocal lessons at 25 cents an hour. His first semiprofessional opportunity came as a singing waiter at the Paris Inn Restaurant in downtown Los Angeles at $15 a week and two meals a day.
Six foot three and a gawky 140 pounds, Keel was painfully shy. He worked during five years during World War II at Douglas Aircraft, and the experience helped his confidence.
He sang in recitals and opera programs and was summoned to an audition with Oscar Hammerstein II, who was looking for young singers to play Curly in the growing number of touring "Oklahoma!" companies.
Hammerstein approved, and soon under a new name Howard Keel he was singing "Oh, What a Beautiful Morning" in New York eight times a week. He sometimes replaced John Raitt in Rodgers and Hammerstein's other hit, "Carousel" On occasion he would appear in a matinee of "Oklahoma!" and an evening performance of "Carousel." He played "Carousel" for eighteen months in London.
Rodgers and Hammerstein were notorious for underpaying their actors and denying them billing. Keel rankled at being paid $250 a week for the unbilled starring role in a sellout musical. As soon as his contract expired, he hurried back to Los Angeles.
Desperately in need of handsome, virile actors who could sing, MGM signed Keel to a contract that paid $850 a week.
He made it big in musicals, but also appeared in westerns: Waco," "Red Tomahawk," "The War Wagon" (with John Wayne and Kirk Douglas) and "Arizona Bushwhackers." After leaving MGM, he appeared as St. Peter in the unsuccessful "The Big Fisherman."
Keel was married and then divorced twice: to actress Rosemary Cooper and dancer Helen Anderson, with whom he had three children: Kaija, Kristine, Gunnar. In 1970 he married former airline stewardess Judy Magamoll. They had one daughter, Leslie.
He continued singing in the 1980s, explaining: "As long as I can sing halfway decent, I'd rather sing (than act). There's nothing like being in good voice, feeling good, having good numbers to do and having a fine orchestra."
Howard Keel, Musical Star, Is Dead at 85
Howard Keel, the barrel-chested star of lavish Hollywood musicals like "Show Boat," "Kiss Me Kate," and "Seven Brides for Seven Brothers," and later of the television show "Dallas,'' died early yesterday at his home in Palm Desert, Calif. He was 85.
The cause was colon cancer, according to his son, Gunnar Keel.
Born Harold Clifford Leek in Illinois, Mr. Keel grew up poor. His father was a coal miner and an alcoholic who died before his son reached high school. His mother was a strict Methodist opposed to entertainment.
"I had a terrible, rotten childhood," he told a London newspaper in 1995. "My father made away with himself when I was 11. I had no guidance, and Mom was six feet tall, bucktoothed and very tough. I was mean and rebellious and had a terrible, bitter temper. I got a job as an auto mechanic, and I would have stayed in that narrow kind of life if I hadn't discovered art. Music changed me completely."
His show business career started at a Los Angeles restaurant, where he was paid $15 a week and two meals a day to be a singing busboy. During World War II he worked for Douglas Aircraft, belting out tunes at company plants to improve morale.
His big break came in 1946, after Oscar Hammerstein II hired him to replace John Raitt as Billy Bigelow in the Broadway production of "Carousel." He went on to play Curly in the London opening of "Oklahoma!" and stayed with the role for 18 months.
After about two years with Rodgers and Hammerstein, however, Mr. Keel began to chafe at his $250-a-week salary. He returned to Los Angeles, and in 1950, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer signed him to an $850-a-week contract.
His first film (now with the name Howard Keel) was "Annie Get Your Gun" in 1950. Playing Frank Butler, a star sharpshooter, opposite Betty Hutton as Annie Oakley, Mr. Keel immediately struck stardom. With a rich baritone and ruddy good looks, he became one of the Hollywood musical's ideal leading men.
In 1951, he starred opposite Kathryn Grayson in "Show Boat"; they teamed up again two years later in "Kiss Me Kate," and later toured nightclubs together reprising their roles.
"Everything came naturally to him," said Ms. Grayson, in a telephone interview yesterday. "He sang beautifully. He was a wonderful friend."
In 1954, he made his best-known film, and personal favorite, "Seven Brides for Seven Brothers." His last musicals for MGM, in 1955, included "Kismet" and "Jupiter's Darling."
As the studio system began to fade, Mr. Keel shifted toward dramas along with the big-budget musicals. He worked on several westerns, including "The War Wagon" with John Wayne and Kirk Douglas. He also returned to the stage, touring in productions of everything from old favorites like "Show Boat" to newer musicals. In 1977, he teamed with Jane Powell on a record-breaking national theater tour of "South Pacific."
Television soon called. With his career seemingly on the wane, he landed the role of the oil-rich widower Clayton Farlow in "Dallas." For 10 years, from 1981 until the show went off the air in 1991, his 6-foot-3-inch frame and gravelly voice made him the elder, gruff rival to J. R. Ewing, the spoiled, arrogant tycoon played by Larry Hagman. Mr. Ewing never accepted Mr. Farlow's marriage to Mr. Ewing's mother, Miss Ellie (played first by Barbara Bel Geddes and later by Donna Reed).
In real life, Mr. Keel's first two marriages, to the actress Rosemary Cooper and the dancer Helen Anderson, ended in divorce. He is survived by his third wife, Judy Magamoll, and their daughter, Leslie Keel; three children from his marriage to Ms. Anderson, his son and two daughters, Kaija Keel and Kirstine Hales; 10 grandchildren; and one great-granddaughter.
Throughout Mr. Keel's career, music remained his passion. After leaving "Dallas," he joined several touring productions. In 1995, at age 76, he played several shows in England, singing the songs that had made him famous. At 80, he played Atlantic City for the first time.
"If you're a singer and love to sing, as I do," he told an interviewer after "Dallas" ended, "there is nothing more fulfilling than standing on a stage when you're in a good voice and belting out songs."
November 07, 2004
Howard Keel Died
Howard Keel, Star of Musicals, Dies at 85